07/02/2010

Vee Jay - Gratius ex ipso fonte bibuntur aquae

Fiquei extremamente comovido quando, ao telefonar para Lester, ouvi do outro lado da linha: gratius ex ipso fonte bibuntur aquae. Isso foi depois de confessar-lhe que estava inconsolável: afinal, havia inutilmente procurado informações sobre o selo Vee Jay em duas respeitáveis fontes: 1) The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, volume único publicado em 1994 e 2) Glossário do Jazz, 2ª edição, 2009, escrito pelo amigo Mário Jorge Jacques. Como último recurso, estava ali, aguardando que Lester pudesse trazer alguma luz sobre tão obscuro selo. Sim, a Vee Jay Records havia sido a maior gravadora criada e administrada por negros até o surgimento da Motown. O nome é fruto das iniciais do casal Vivian Carter e James Bracken, que a fundaram em 1953, em Gary, Indiana. Vivian era disc jokey da WGRY e James era proprietário de uma bem sucedida loja de discos. Ambos sentiam a ausência de uma série de artistas talentosos no mercado fonográfico e decidiram alterar essa situação: com US$500.00 obtidos numa loja de penhores, iniciaram aquela que seria uma das maiores gravadoras negras dos EUA. Suas bases foram solidamente firmadas nos estilos blues e rhythm and blues, contando com artistas como Jimmy Reed, Eddie Taylor, Billy Boy Arnold, Snooky Pryor, John Lee Hooker, Big Joe Williams, Floyd Jones, Pee Wee Crayton, J.B. Lenoir e Elmore James. Com o passar do tempo, começam a gravar também músicos brancos, além de ampliar seu repertório com álbuns de soul, pop, jazz, gospel e rock n’ roll. Entre seus artistas principais, vale destacar os grupos Four Seasons e The Beatles.

Quanto ao jazz, a Vee Jay gravou artistas como Gary Bartz, Bunny Berigan, Benny Carter, Paul Chambers, Arnett Cobb, Tadd Dameron, Buddy DeFranco, Eric Dolphy, Harry ‘Sweets’ Edison, Victor Feldman, Frank Foster, Wardell Gray, Bennie Green, Bunky Green, Eddie Harris, Louis Hayes, Earl Hines, Ahmad Jamal, Wynton Kelly, John Kirby, Toshiko Akiyoshi, Bill Marx, Big Jay McNeely, Jay McShann, Lee Morgan, Sam Most, Wayne Shorter, Sonny Stitt, Frank Strozier, Art Tatum, Leroy Vinnegar, Baby Face Willette e Lester Young. Infelizmente, a comunhão de problemas familiares, financeiros, administrativos e judiciais terminou por levar ao fechamento do selo, em maio de 1966, mês e ano em que John Lester nasceu. Apesar disso, em meados da década de 1970 a Vee Jay relançou alguns álbuns de seu catálogo e, mais recentemente, alguns selos têm feito o mesmo, como é o caso da Blue Moon que entregou ao mercado uma série formidável de gravações da Vee Jay.

Para os amigos fica a faixa Jim Dog, retirada do álbum The Swingin'est, gravado em 1958, com Benny Green (tb), Nat Adderley (c), Gene Ammons, Frank Foster (ts), Frank Wess (f, ts), Tommy Flanagan (p), Ed Jones (b) e Albert Heath (d). Cético em relação às fontes secundárias, Lester recomendou-me ir direto à primária, onde a água é bebida com mais gosto, como afirmara Ovídio em seu Epistulae ex Ponto.

31 comentários:

Ianê Mello disse...

Olá, que maravilha de postagem.

Não tem o link pra baixar,não?


Beijos.

LeoPontes disse...

O que mais gosto nas gravações desta década são as equalizações de todos os intrumentos. Dá gosto escutar a marcação do contra-tempo com o contraponto do comtrabaixo, piano e metais.
Muitíssimo bom.

Abrçs

John Lester disse...

Prezado Mr. Pontes, concordo com você: as gravações dessa época são incríveis, sobretudo as realizadas para a Fantasy, Prestige e New Jazz.

E gentil Miss Mello, o link desejado esta aqui:

http://www.esnips.com/doc/7d082ed3-cd6c-43b8-9356-6460de92aacc/10

Grande abraço, JL.

Roberto Scardua disse...

Obrigado pelo link Lester. Abração!

APÓSTOLO disse...

Bela e instrutiva postagem.
É sempre um prazer aprender mais, e aí o importante da vida, no JAZZ e em qualquer área do conhecimento.

Paula Nadler disse...

Linda resenha Roberto. Beijo!

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Érico Cordeiro disse...

Bob Sscarua ataca outra vez!
Como sempre, o detetive perspicaz ajuda a lançar luzes sobre outra gema semi-obscura do jazz, o selo Vee Jay.
Ainda bem que estão saindo diversos álbuns produzidos pela gravadora. Tenho o Introducing Wayne Shorter (com Lee Morgan no trompete) e é muito bom.
Valeu!

pituco disse...

sr.scardua,

que delícia de som...já no ataque dos metais é um straight nos ouvidos...uau...piramidal

valeô a postagem e dica bacanuda sobre a veejay records...afinal,havia o aspecto comercial de qualquer business,porém nunca se sobrepondo a arte, não é isso?...taí a estória pra provar...e essa gravina piramidal cinquenta e poucos anos depois...sonzaço.

abraçsons pacíficos

APÓSTOLO disse...

Prezado ROBERTO:
Com essa cozinha todos podem solar como craques, que são.
Excelente a faixa escolhida ! ! !

Carioca da Vila disse...

Como diz o Pituco: Piramidal!

Internauta Véia disse...

E que água, rapaz!!!

Já foi para "favoritos"!!!

HotBeatJazz disse...

Ô¬Ô

Comentário Last But Not Least: sensacional a idéia da postagem Roberto, a Vee-Jay tem um catálogo esplendoroso.

Abraços

Ô¬Ô

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